Continuing from: The 10 LOST Civilizations and Worlds – PART 1
- 6. The Lost civilizations of MU and Lemuria
Before the discovery of the tectonic plates, the scientists in the 19th century believed that the missing continents were enabling the people and animals to migrate through oceans in the past. Lemuria, supposedly located in the southern part of India to Madagascar, while Mu was located in the Yucatan peninsula in the Atlantic Ocean. Although understanding the function of tectonic plates practically annulled all the old theories, but tales of the civilizations Lemuria and Mu remain to this day.
- Lemuria is the name of a hypothetical “lost land” variously located in the Indian and Pacific Oceans. Wikipedia
- Mu is the name of a fictional continent that was once believed to have existed in one of Earth’s oceans, but disappeared at the dawn of human history. Wikipedia
- 7. Ys, the French city bellow sea level
During the creation of the French country, the government in Paris implemented the centralization by force. In the province of Brittany not only they have risen the taxes, but there was an attempt to fully delete the local language and culture. So in the wake of the recession, the legend became very popular.
According to the legend, the island Ys was one of the richest cities in the world, built below sea level along the coast in this area. The city was protected by a dam, until the ruler Dahut was deceived by the devil to open the sealed gates of the dam. That is how the island was completely flooded.
- Ys, also spelled Is or Kêr-Is in Breton, and Ville d’Ys in French, is a mythical city that was built on the coast of Brittany and later swallowed by the ocean. Most versions of the legend place the city in the Douarnenez Bay. Wikipedia
- 8. Bermeja, the Phantom Island
By Wikipedia: Bermeja is an islet lying off the north coast of the Yucatán peninsula according to several maps of the Gulf of Mexico from the 16th to the 19th centuries. Despite being located somewhat precisely in relation to neighboring islands by notable Spanish cartographers of the 16th century, the island was not found in a 1997 survey, nor in an extensive 2009 study conducted by the National Autonomous University of Mexico (UNAM) on behalf of the Mexican Chamber of Deputies. Interest in the island arose in late 2008, fueled by the fact that if such an island existed, it would be important for determining the boundaries for exploitation rights of oil in Hoyos de Dona (Doughnut Holes) in the Gulf of Mexico.
The island is first mentioned by Alonso de Santa Cruz in El Yucatán e Islas Adyacentes, a list of islands of the region published in Madrid in 1539. Its precise location is given in Espejo de navegantes (Seville, ca. 1540) by Alonso de Chaves, who wrote that from a distance, the small island looks “blondish or reddish” (in Spanish: bermeja). According to Michel Antochiw Kolpa, a French-Mexican cartographer, since 1844British maps have reported the sinking of the island some sixty fathoms below.
Explanations for its apparent disappearance include an erroneous observation by the early cartographers, shifts in the geography of the ocean floor, rising sea levels and conspiracy theories claiming that the CIA destroyed the island to expand the economic zone allotted to the United States.
- 9. Terra Australis (South Land)
This is a mythical continent, which existence was eventually confirmed. From the time of Aristotle, the Western thinkers have theorized of a southern continental mass. Seafarers were searching for a country connecting all parts of the Southern known continents. In the end, Australia was named the legendary “South Land”, and in 1820, a Russian expedition discovered the Antarctic.
- Terra Australis (meaning “South Land”) is one of the names given to a hypothetical continent which appeared on European maps between the 15th and 18th centuries. Although the landmass was drawn onto maps, Terra Australis was not based on any actual surveying of such a landmass but rather based on the hypothesis that continents in the Northern Hemisphere should be balanced by land in the south.
- In the early 1800s, British explorer Matthew Flinders had popularized the naming of Australia after Terra Australis, giving his rationale that there was “no probability” of finding any significant land mass anywhere more south than Australia. The continent that would come to be named Antarctica would be explored decades after Flinders’ 1814 book on Australia, which he had titled A Voyage to Terra Australis, and after his naming switch had gained popularity. By Wikipedia
- 10. Realm of the underworld, hollow earth
Different cultures around the world аре spreading the story of the “Hollow earth”. It is a subterranean world, which can only be accessed by certain points of the planet, such as the entrances on the North and South Pole and the mountain caves in the Alps.
- This article is about the Hollow Earth concept. For the novel by John and Carole Barrowman, see Hollow Earth (novel).
The Hollow Earth hypothesis proposes that the planet Earth is either entirely hollow or otherwise contains a substantial interior space. The hypothesis has been shown to be wrong by observational evidence, as well as by the modern understanding of planet formation; the scientific community has dismissed the notion since at least the late 18th century.
The concept of a hollow Earth still recurs in folklore and as the premise for subterranean fiction, a subgenre of adventure fiction. It is also featured in some present-day pseudoscientific andconspiracy theories. By Wikipedia